Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Larissa J. Taylor et al.

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research.

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Early Pilgrimage Itineraries (333-1099)

(2,373 words)

Author(s): Ora Limor
As a rule, pilgrimage literature in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages is marked by a deep religious aura, a lack of interest in the present, and casualness about space and time (unless it is sacred space and sacred time). In the majority of the descriptions -- though not in all -- human beings, fauna, and flora are virtually absent. An exception is the narrative by the Piacenza pilgrim. Otherwise, the texts mention only churches, monasteries, chapels, priests and monks as though the land were s…

Early Pilgrimage Woodblock Prints

(676 words)

Author(s): Scott Montgomery
The advent of Western printing in the fifteenth century afforded great opportunities for the utilization of this medium to advertise pilgrimage sites and relic ostensions, as it was both inexpensive and could be disseminated widely. Broadsheets could be made to advertise a forthcoming pilgrimage, such as the septennial event at Aachen, Maastricht, and Cornelimünster. As such, these prints could include both image and text in an effort to augment pious enthusiasm for viewing the sacred objects on…

Edward the Confessor

(1,151 words)

Author(s): Stephen Lamia
Edward the Confessor was born at Islip/Oxfordshire in 1003, and died on January 5, 1066. His feast day is celebrated on October 13th. He was the oldest son of King Ethelred the Unready (Ethelred II) and Queen Emma, and ruled as King Edward III of England from 1042-1066. His mother was the daughter of Duke Richard I of Normandy, where Edward was sent to be educated in 1013. This background explains his Norman leanings, which would surface after he was made king in 1042. Three years later, in 1045…


(1,741 words)

Author(s): Alberto Ferreiro
The first editor of the only extant manuscript of Egeria's pilgrimage was G.F. Gamurrini, who discovered it in Italy in 1884. He attributed it to a St Silvia of Aquitaine, mentioned by Palladius in his Lausiac History. C. Kohler believed Galla Placidia daughter of Theodosius the Great and H. Goussen proposed Flavia, an abbess from Gaul, as the author. In 1903 Dom M. Férotin made a crucial breakthrough by arguing that the author was the Egeria identified by the Iberian monastic Valerius of Bierzo. The name Egeria, although in multi…