Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Larissa J. Taylor et al.

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research.

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Jacques de Vitry

(1,564 words)

Author(s): Carolyn Muessig
Jacques de Vitry (1170/80-1240), renowned for his sermon collections, exempla and vita of Marie d'Oignies, was also an adept popularizer of history. In fact, his Historia hierosolimitana abbreviata was more widely disseminated than any one of his model sermon collections. This work contains Book 1, the Historia orientalis -- also known as the Historia hierosolimitana -- that gives an account of the first three crusades as well as contemporary issues related to crusaders in the East, biblical landmarks of the Holy Land as well as its natural habitat. Book 2, the Historia occidentalis, i…

James the Greater

(1,817 words)

Author(s): Thomas F. Coffey
James, son of Zebedee, was chosen by Jesus as an apostle along with his brother John, who was both an apostle and an evangelist, as they were repairing their nets on a boat on the Sea of Galilee (Matt 4:21; Mark 1:19; Luke 5:10). James and John were called "Boanerges" or "sons of thunder" for their explosive zeal (Mark 3:17). For this reason, James was granted the distinction of "the Greater," thus distinguishing him from James the Lesser, about whom even less is known. It might be difficult eve…

Jerusalem Chapel, Bruges

(818 words)

Author(s): Laura Gelfand
Pieter II and Jacob Adornes founded the Jerusalem Chapel in Bruges in 1427 with permission granted by Pope Martin V. Pieter and Jacob were members of a well-known Genoese family who settled in Bruges as merchants and bankers at the beginning of the fourteenth century. Devotion to the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem was well established within the Adornes family and Pieter II and Jacob each completed a pilgrimage to Jerusalem before founding their chapel. The most famous mem…

Jewish Pilgrimage

(1,146 words)

Author(s): Cyril Aslanov
The act of performing a pilgrimage during the "three pilgrimage holidays" ( shalosh regalim) was a constitutive part of Judaism before the destruction of the Second Temple. However, after 70 CE, it became technically impossible to fulfill this duty. As in many other cases, the verbal commemoration of the religious rituals replaced its actual performance. The Talmud and the Midrash express divergent opinions regarding the question of whether God's presence ( Shekhinah) still inhabits the ruins of the Temple (the famous Western Wall). According to a homiletic interpr…