Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Larissa J. Taylor et al.

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research.

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(341 words)

Author(s): Lynn Talbot
Finisterre, a rocky peninsula located in northwestern Spain, was famed in ancient times as the end of the world (from the Latin finis terrae). According to tradition, Finisterre was a pre-historic Celtic pilgrimage site where Celts from the mythical city of Dugium carried out their offerings in honor of the sun. Important monuments included the Ara Solis, used in sun worship, and a menhir, associated with Celtic fertility rites. Roman writers, including Pliny, described the Celtic tribes of the area, and the geographi…


(881 words)

Author(s): Brenda Gardenour
Fire is a powerful element in the symbolic, spiritual, and physical worlds of the Middle Ages. One of the oldest religious symbols, fire is a means of sacrifice and purification in the Hebrew Bible; in the book of Genesis, Noah makes a burnt offering to God in thanks for the recession of the flood waters, and in the book of Exodus, God appears to Moses as fire in a burning bush. In the New Testament, the Holy Spirit appears as a flame at Pentecost, and those who received the gift spoke with tong…