Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage

Get access Subject: History
Edited by: Larissa J. Taylor et al.

The Encyclopedia of Medieval Pilgrimage is an interdisciplinary reference work, giving wide coverage of the role of travel in medieval religious life. Dealing with the period 300-1500 A.D., it offers both basic data on as broad a range of European pilgrimage as possible and clearly written, self-contained introductions to the general questions of pilgrimage research.

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Lobed Phylacteries

(821 words)

Author(s): Rebecca Leuchak
Lobed reliquaries have a central core flanked by four or more lobed forms. The wooden core, in which spaces were sometimes cut to hold the relics, was covered with two single or multi-leaved plaques, with decorative embellishment that could include incised, stamped, or repoussée figures or abstract or foliate patterning, enameling, vernis brun, and settings of cabochons of rock crystal, semi-precious gems, colored glass, or silvered pearl-like bosses. The plaques were affixed with rivets to the wooden body of the reliquary. In some cases a hinged…


(1,509 words)

Author(s): Theresa Gross-Diaz
It is difficult to distinguish in medieval texts between hospitals (for the temporarily or chronically ill) and charitable lodgings. The words used in medieval sources (e.g., xenodochium, hospitalium, hospitium) are sometimes used interchangeably; there was a crossover in functions, too. It is not always clear whether paid or free lodgings are indicated. The problem is not made easier by the fact that peregrinus can simply mean traveler or stranger; a monastic hospice might be equally available to a commercial traveler in need of care and to a pilgrim on…

Louis IX

(927 words)

Author(s): Jessalynn Bird
The feast of Louis IX (1215-1270), crusading king of France (see also Crusades), is observed on August 25. He was popularly considered a saint even before his formal canonization in 1297. Shortly after his death, Louis' body was partitioned by his son Philip III and his brother Charles of Anjou: his viscera and flesh were taken to Monreale while his bones were interred in the necropolis of French kings at Saint Denis. There they quickly became the subject of a popular, and later official, cult. …

Low Countries

(2,245 words)

Author(s): Janice M. Bogstad
Pilgrimage sites in the Low Countries developed as a direct result of the presence of Roman roads and Roman administrative presence in the early first millennium. Many of the sites in the Low Countries are either along pilgrimage routes from the Britain and the north to Jerusalem, Rome or Santiago de Compostela, or around old Roman cities. Many are close together and, for the most part, they venerate a few early saints, (Peter) Servatius, Lambert and Remaclus, among others. St Servatius (Servaas), who was bishop of Tongr…