Historical Atlas of Islam

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Edited by: Hugh Kennedy
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(9,832 words)

Author(s): Kennedy, Hugh
Baʿalbakk The Fertile Crescent Under the Umayyad and ʿAbbāsid Caliphs – 20/21 C3;  The Fertile Crescent in the Age of the Crusades circa 534/1140 – 22/23 C3;  The Fertile Crescent in the 11th/17th and 12th/18th Centuries – 24/25 C3 Bāb al-Abwāb Early Muslim Conquests – 7 C1;  The Umayyad Caliphate circa 132/750 – 8 C2 Bāb al-Abwāb/Derbent Caucasus (al-Qabq) in the Early Middle Ages – 44 E1 Bāb al-Lān (Darial Pass) Caucasus (al-Qabq) in the Early Middle Ages – 44 C1;  Caucasus in the 12th-13th / 18th-19th Centuries – 45 C1 Bāb al-Mandab Two Arabic world maps: The World According to Al-…


(83 words)

Author(s): Kennedy, Hugh
The source of both these maps in G. Le Strange, Baghdad Under the ʿAbbasid Caliphate (Oxford, 1900) which are also reproduced and discussed in J. Lassner, The Topography of Bagdad in the Early Middle Ages (Detroit, 1970), 199-204. Early Baghdad is a “virtual city” in that the plans can only be reconstructed from literary sources and these can be understood very differently. For an alternative interpretation see A. A. Duri, “Baghdad” in Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition. Hugh Kennedy