Sacramentum Mundi Online

Get access Subject: Religious Studies

Edited by: Karl Rahner with Cornelius Ernst and Kevin Smyth.
Advisor for the online edition: Karen Kilby, Durham University

Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill.

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(3,256 words)

Author(s): Oskar Köhler
Within the general perspective of this encyclopedia, Romanticism has to be examined to see how it contributes to the relationship between Christian faith and modern civilization, and hence may be more than a historical phenomenon limited to a certain period. 1. Definition. Though the term can be used very vaguely, “Romanticism” may denote fairly precisely a group of German intellectuals born in the 1770’s (F. Schlegel, 1772; Novalis, 1772; Wackenroder, 1773; L. Tieck, 1773; J. Görres, 1776; Clemens Brentano, 1778; Adam Müller, 1779; A.…

Russian Religious Philosophy

(1,295 words)

Author(s): Bernhard Schultze
1. History. Russian religious philosophy has its roots in the 18th century, and its golden age after the Napoleonic period, with the full awakening of national consciousness and the contest between the philosophy of the groups who drew inspiration from the West, and that of the Slavophiles, who founded a philosophy corresponding to the national and religious traditions of Russia. The Occidentalists, at first religious — like Chaadayev, and Belinsky, Herzen and Bakunin in their youth — turned away…