The Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum systematically collects newly published Greek inscriptions as well as publications on previously known documents. It presents complete Greek texts of all new inscriptions with a critical apparatus; it summarizes new readings, interpretations, and studies of known inscriptions, and occasionally presents the Greek text of these documents.
The online edition includes all SEG volumes, and will incorporate all future volumes in the series. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Online is automatically updated upon publication of the annual volume.
SEG Search Tips
Subscriptions: see Brill.com
How can you find out if a certain inscription is discussed in SEG?
First, you need to know which inscription you are looking for. Inscriptions are often identified by a number that they have in the work in which they are published ('edition'). For example, "I.Hadrianopolis 67" refers to inscription 67 in Hadrianopolis I : Inschriften aus Paphlagonia by E.Laflı, E.Christof, and M.Metcalfe (Oxford 2012).
SEG has concordances that allow you to look up which inscription is discussed in which SEG entry. In the printed volumes of SEG, these concordances take the form of a table. In the left column, you will find the inscriptions, listed by edition. In the right column, you will find the SEG entries. Online, the presentation is slightly different. There are pages listing inscriptions that are covered in SEG entries. These pages are ordered by edition: one page for I. Hadrianopolos, one for I.G., etc. The inscriptions on these pages are hyperlinks; click on them to bring up a list of SEG entries that cover that inscription. This list of SEg entries is a search results list; click on a result to go to the entry.
The concordances can be found here: Concordances
What happens when an inscription does not yet have a number?
Epigraphic publications - monographs and journal articles - can discuss inscriptions that are not yet published in an edition. It may be that the inscription is newly found, or that it takes some time to publish the edition. Of course, such publications are of epigraphic interest and therefore discussed in SEG. But how to refer to them when they don't yet have a number?
In SEG, entries that discuss publications with such otherwise unpublished inscriptions describe these inscriptions and give their Greek text. For example, M.Salliora-Oikonomakou, Ο Αρχαιος δημος του Σουνιου (Toumbes, 2004) discusses a stone fragment found near the mining works at Megala Peuka. This publication is discussed in SEG 54 250. The SEG entry names M.Salliora-Oikonomakou, Sounion as the editio princeps, describes the fragment, and gives its text.
A list of SEG entries with unpublished inscriptions can be found in the concordances as well. The unpublished inscriptions are ordered by SEG volume and entry number.
What happens when an unpublished inscription is referred to in a later SEG volume?
In that case, the inscription is identified by the number of the SEG entry that described it first (because it covered the publication that discusses the inscription). This is possible because the combination of SEG volume and SEG entry number is unique.
This is the case in the example above. SEG 55 271 discusses the same inscription as SEG 54 250. It refers to the inscription as "SEG 54 250". To differentiate between the entry 54 250 and the inscription 54 250, the online version of SEG uses the marker iSEG. The inscription in the example above is therefore named "iSEG 54 250".
Identification of inscriptions can be complicated. SEG 55 271 for example discusses E.Kakavoyiannis, Μέταλλα 49/50 which also considers itself to be the editio princeps. Both publications give the inscription a number. So even if an otherwise unpublished inscription has an identification number, SEG can not necessarily use it.
Another example occurs in SEG 59 1470. This entry notes that the inscription with the number iSEG 43 916 is now edited and published in an epigraphic corpus: Hadrianopolis I: Inschriften aus Paphlagonia by E.Laflı, E.Christof, and M.Metcalfe (Oxford 2012). It is I.Hadrianopolis 67 from the example above. Its previous editio princeps was C.Marek, Stadt, Ära und Territorium in Pontus-Bithynia und Nord-Galatia (Tübingen 1993). This publication is discussed in SEG 43 916 and so the publication was previously referred to as "iSEG 43 916", and henceforth as "I.Hadrianopolis 67".
A list of references to unpublished inscriptions can be found in the concordances. SEG is listed there among the corpora.
SEG has eight indices, that is eight categories of index terms.
- Greek and Latin Terms
- Selected Topics
The first seven categories pertain to the inscriptions presented in the publications that are discussed in SEG.
The eight category, Selected Topics, pertains to entries in SEG.
The keywords can be found at the foot of every SEG entry.
They can also be browsed in lists of indices. These lists contain index terms. Each term is a hyperlink: click on it to bring up a list SEG entries that contain that term.
Because there are many index term in each category, they are grouped alphabetically, first by the Greek alphabet, then by the Latin one. Only Selected Topics are always in English and hence in the Latin script.
Greek and Latin Terms
How to use SEG? How to search and browse? What does an SEG entry look like? The following section gives some short answers.
Search and browse
- Notes for readers
- How to
The first tab links to preliminary and introductory documents, such as the list of commonly used abbreviations of epigraphic literature.
The second tab lists the entries by the type, provenance or age of the inscriptions discussed in them, by SEG volume in which they were published, and by the year in which the resources that they discuss were published.
The third tab allows you to find out which inscription is covered in which SEG entries.
The fourth tab allows you to browse by keyword.
You found the fifth tab; you are on it!
These tabs are one of the two main ways of browsing, or navigating, Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Online. The other is the set of links found at the head and foot of every entry: the previous and next buttons. There is also always a link back to the tab with the header browse.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum Online can also be searched. The search bar at the top of every page allows you to perform a full text search. You can search on entry number, for example, or a Greek word, or a phrase that might occur in the editors' comments.
The structure of SEG entries
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum systematically collects newly published Greek inscriptions as well as publications on previously known documents. It presents complete Greek texts of all new inscriptions with a critical apparatus; it summarizes new readings, interpretations, and studies of known inscriptions, and occasionally presents the Greek text of these documents.
An entry in SEG therefore has three main components:
- an editorial component, consisting of the entry text
- a bibliographical component, listing the publications discussed in an entry
- an epigraphic or thematic component, concerning the inscriptions or themes discussed in these publications and hence in the entry
The editorial component
This is where the editors of Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum discuss epigraphic publications, summarize new readings and present inscription texts. It has a header Entry. If the entry presents a Greek inscription, there will be a subcomponent with the header Inscription, often followed by a subcomponent Apparatus criticus.
The entry is followed by a subcomponent Entry metadatawhere information is listed like the entry ID, publication year, type (epigraphic or thematic), and main inscription or theme.
The bibliographic component
This component, with the header Bibliography, lists the resources, such as monographs and journal articles, that are discussed in the entry.
This information can be found in SEG volumes 40 and later.
Listed resources are openURLs, meaning that you can click on them to see if your library holds them, either in printed or in electronic format (if you are a user within an institutional environment and if your institution has activated the openURL functionality).
Note that epigraphic corpora (i.e. inscription text editions) are not included in the bibliography, unless they are the subject of an entry.
The epigraphic or thematic component
In this component, with the header Inscription metadata, information like the inscription ID, inscription type, date, place, language, poetry or prose, and index terms are listed.
Inscriptions are identified by their number in the corpus that published them. If newly published, for example in a journal article and therefore not yet included in a corpus, the inscriptions are identified by the number of the SEG entry that discusses them. To distinguish entry ID from inscription ID (entries can discuss multiple inscriptions), the inscription ID is given as, for example, iSEG 59 123.
The inscription type is one of four: dedication, epitaph, public document, or miscellaneous.
Index terms have eight types, as listed below. The left column gives the headers as used in the online edition; the right the (often longer) headers and subdivisions as used in the print edition:
|Names||A. Names of Men and Women; Mythological Names and Personifications; B. Names of Ships, Animals and mines. C. Latin Names; Patronymic Adjectives|
|Kings||Kings, Dynasts and their Families|
|Emperors||Roman Emperors and their Families|
|Geography||A. Geographical Names (except Attica). B. Attic Tribes, Demes etc. C. Tribes, Demes outside Attica. D. Latin Geographical Names|
|Military||Military (and paramilitary) Terms. A. Greek World. B. Roman World; Latin Words|
|Greek and Latin Terms||Important Greek Words; Latin words|
|Selected Topics||Selected Topics|
The information in the Inscription metadata and Entry metadata components is linked. Click on it to go concordance and keywords lists. For example, SEG 60 65 discusses an inscription identified as "I.Eleusis 28". This is number 28 in Die Inschriften von Ephesos by H. Wankel and R. Merkelbach (Bonn 1979-1981). The inscription ID links to a file listing all references to inscriptions in this corpus in Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. The file has the form of a list with each item, i.e inscription number, a hyperlink to a list of SEG entries that discuss the inscription.
The links below offer several ways to browse the many SEG entries.
- Provenance leads to an overview of regions (themselves ordered by larger 'super regions'). Each region is hyperlinked to a list of places followed by the SEG entries that cover inscriptions that come from that place.
- Century leads to a list of centuries, indicating the age of the inscriptions. Click on a century to see a list of search results: all SEG entries that discuss an inscription from that century. There is also a list of all undated inscriptions.
- Type leads to a short list of the four types of inscriptions that SEG Online distinguishes: Dedications, Epitaphs, Public documents, and Miscellaneous. Again, clicking on a type brings up a list of search results: all SEG entries that cover inscriptions of that type.
- Publication Year leads to an overview of SEG volumes ordered by publication year. This is the publication year of the publications covered in the SEG volumes and not the publication year of the SEG volumes themselves! Clicking on a year brings up a list of search results: all SEG entries that cover publications that saw the light in that year.
- Volume leads to an overview of SEG volumes ordered by volume number. Clicking on a volume number brings up a list of search results: all SEG entries that belong to that volume.