The Multiplicity of International Courts and Tribunals
(4,903 words)

paragraph 4A in volume 1, chapter 1, Introduction

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When the Permanent Court was established, it was never intended that it should be the only international tribunal available to States. However, it was at the time the only standing court with jurisdiction that was universal in time and in space, subject only to the primary factor that its jurisdiction to determine the merits of a case required the consent of all the parties to the dispute. The establishment of the present International C…

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Malcolm N. Shaw, “The Multiplicity of International Courts and Tribunals”, in: Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court: 1920-2015. Consulted online on 18 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20161001

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