Ideology
(258 words)

In the seventeenth century, in the wake of the → Enlightenment, and from the wish for a knowledge of reality delivered from various phantoms and illusions, Francis Bacon drafted his doctrine of idols (Lat., idolum, ‘specter,’ ‘idol’; from Gk., eídolon, ‘image’; → Idol), a classification of avoidable prejudices. ‘Ideologue’ (Fr., idéologue, from Lat., idea, ‘[ideal] image’) was used in the latter half of the eighteenth century to indicate French Enlightenment thinkers like A. L. C. Destutt de Tracy (1754–1836) and E. B. de Condillac (1714–1780), wh…

Cite this page
Hartmann, Georg, “Ideology”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 12 November 2018 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1872-5287_bdr_SIM_00040>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223



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