The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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In the seventeenth century, in the wake of the → Enlightenment, and from the wish for a knowledge of reality delivered from various phantoms and illusions, Francis Bacon drafted his doctrine of idols (Lat., idolum, ‘specter,’ ‘idol’; from Gk., eídolon, ‘image’; → Idol), a classification of avoidable prejudices. ‘Ideologue’ (Fr., idéologue, from Lat., idea, ‘[ideal] image’) was used in the latter half of the eighteenth century to indicate French Enlightenment thinkers like A. L. C. Destutt de Tracy (1754–1836) and E. B. de Condillac (1714–1780), wh…

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Hartmann, Georg, “Ideology”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 19 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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