The Brill Dictionary of Religion

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1. The term ‘vegetarianism,’ defined by the founders of the British Vegetarian Society in 1842 as meatless nutrition, is derived from vegetus (Lat., ‘alive’). This means that vegetarian food excludes the products of a slaughtered animal (including fish). Within the groups of persons who live according to vegetarian principles, there are three forms of diet:1

Ovo-lacto-vegetarians constitute the largest group. These do consume milk, milk-products, and eggs, besides veget…

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Baumgartner, Judith, “Vegetarianism”, in: The Brill Dictionary of Religion, Edited by Kocku von Stuckrad. Consulted online on 20 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004124332, 20051223

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