Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online

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“Elchasaites” (or “Elkesaites”) is a scholarly designation for ancient groups of Jews who believed in Jesus (“Jewish Christians”) who possessed a postbiblical book with revelations that was somehow connected with the name Ἠλχασαι/Elchasai or Ἠλξαi/Ἠλξαiοϛ/Elxai. The evidence is fragmentary and far from univocal and has given rise to very different source-critical and historical hypotheses.

The earliest two sources, the Refutation of all Heresies, composed in about 230 CE by Hippolytus of Rome, and a sermon on…

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Luttikhuizen, Gerard P., “Elchasaites”, in: Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online, General Editor David G. Hunter, Paul J.J. van Geest, Bert Jan Lietaert Peerbolte. Consulted online on 07 June 2020 <>
First published online: 2020

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