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A conch (śaṅkha) is the shell of a large sea snail (Turbinella pyrum, Linn.), which can be found most frequently in the Indian Ocean. There are two varieties based on the direction of its coiling. The most common form coils to the right or clockwise when the aperture is turned upward. In Sanskrit terminology, this variety is called vāmāvarta, turning to the left, as the conch is viewed with the aperture downward. The very rare o…

Cite this page
Marion Rastelli, “Conch”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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