(7,452 words)

The Sanskrit word liṅga has a number of different meanings, ranging from characteristic feature, sign, marker, symbol, and emblem, to being the term for an element in standardized forms of logical inference and for the subtle, transmigrating body in philosophical texts. In religious traditions focusing on Śiva as the highest god, the word liṅga refers to an aniconic image often placed in the inner shrine room (garbhagṛha) of a Śiva temple. Mostly, it is made out of stone in the form of …

Cite this page
Angela Hohenberger, “Liṅga”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 18 December 2018 <>
First published online: 2012

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