Maṇḍalas and Yantras
(6,704 words)

Because of the popular interest in the topic, there has been considerable confusion about the meaning and significance of maṇḍalas. Some authors have indiscriminately dealt with Buddhist and Hindu maṇḍalas and arrived at excessively generalized conclusions. In secondary sources, maṇḍalas have been des…

Cite this page
Gudrun Bühnemann, “Maṇḍalas and Yantras”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 21 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

▲   Back to top   ▲