(6,003 words)

Mudrā in different texts and contexts might mean not only coin (money), fingerring or earring, mark, and sign of recognition but also a method of calculation and a decoration of poetry. Such meanings as “seal” and “sign of recognition” can be found in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (13.4.41; 2nd–3rd cents. CE; Olivelle, 2013, 29, 31). Mudrā as the gesture sign will be discussed on the basis…

Cite this page
Olga Serbaeva Saraogi, “Mudrās”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 18 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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