(3,210 words)

Prakṛti is a Sanskrit noun made from the root kṛ-, the prefix pra-, and the suffix -ktin showing the feminine gender. The root kṛ- means to “make,” “cause,” “create,” or “produce.” The prefix pra- has the sense of forward movement and indicates a creative force.

The word prakṛti has many meanings, and the word is used in a variety of contexts in Sanskrit texts as well as modern Indian languages. The adjective derived from prakṛti, prākṛta, means “…

Cite this page
Knut A. Jacobsen, “Prakṛti”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 20 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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