(10,137 words)

Possessing nothing and the source of all wealth,

lord of the world and denizen of the abode of the dead,

dreadful in form he’s called “Gentle” Shiva.

No one knows the Bearer of the Pinaka bow as he truly is.

(KumSambh. 5.77; trans. Smith, 2005)

Śiva almost by nature defies definition and is, if anything, an ambivalent god of contrasts. Although he is often presented as the third aspect of the Hindu trinity ( trimūrti ) – with Brahmā assuming…

Cite this page
Peter Bisschop, “Śiva”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 16 February 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2212-5019_beh_COM_1030030>
First published online: 2012

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