(1,772 words)

Vibhūti (lit. great power, might, splendor) is the name given to ash usually made of cow dung (gomaya) or taken from crematory grounds (śmaśāna). Another common term for it is bhasman (that which is pulverized or consumed/calcined [by fire]). From vedic times, ashes have been a memento of death, of the fleeting character of one's individuality. As stated in Bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad 5.15.1 (= IśU. 17), "Ashes (bhasman) are this body's lot." 

A peculiar cleansing efficacy is attributed to ash (MaSm. 5.111). Used primarily among Śaiva adepts, vibhūti is applied to the body first and…

Cite this page
Antonio Rigopoulos, “Vibhūti”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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