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Swami (Skt. svāmin, master; an honorific title for saṃnyāsins and others) Vivekananda was the monastic name of Narendranath Dutt (1863-1902), the first influential Hindu preacher in the West and founder of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, an organization combining the tradition of renouncement ( saṃnyāsa ) with a program of spiritual teaching abroad and charitable work in India. He upheld Advaita Vedānta, holding it to be not on…

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Dermot H. Killingley, “Vivekananda”, in: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Helene Basu, Angelika Malinar, Vasudha Narayanan. Consulted online on 17 February 2019 <>
First published online: 2012

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