Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online

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In popular parlance, the word bhaṭṭ refers to a bard or panegyrist who recited poetry lauding the grandeur of a ruler or the gallantry of a warrior. The epilogue of the Gurū Granth contains the utterances (bāṇī) of the bhaṭṭs who composed 123 panegyrics (savayyās) in praise of the first five Sikh gurūs, namely Gurū Nānak (10), Gurū Aṅgad (10), Gurū Amar Dās (22), Gurū Rām Dās (60), and Gurū Arjan (21), respectiv…

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Pashaura Singh, “Bhaṭṭs”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 23 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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