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Early Diversity
(7,157 words)

Bābā Nānak (1469-1539) put an end to his two-decade-long travels around 1520, acquired a piece of land on the banks of the river Rāvī as it entered the Punjab plains, founded Kartarpur, and welcomed the migration of a group of families to his new establishment (Jaggi, 2010, 193). The people who gathered there saw him as their bābā (lit. grandfather; a term of respect for a religious leader), and he guided them toward a gurmuk…

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Gurinder Singh Mann, “Early Diversity”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 23 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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