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From Gurū Aṅgad to Gurū Arjan
(10,752 words)

The founder of the Sikh tradition, Gurū Nānak (1469-1539), had a vision of an enduring and organized religious community, which he established at Kartarpur in the last two decades of his life. He made provisions for its continuing effective leadership before he passed away in 1539. For this purpose, he created the institution of the gurū, an institution that was to function as the central authority in community life. Thus he…

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Pashaura Singh, “From Gurū Aṅgad to Gurū Arjan”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 23 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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