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Ghadar Movement
(3,598 words)

From its beginnings before World War I, the goal of the Ghadar (Urdu/Hindi meaning “mutiny”) Movement was to wrest India’s freedom from the British. The movement started among Indians settlers on the Pacific Coast of North America, who had the valiant ambition of igniting an uprising at home. A majority of its supporters were Punjab…

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Hugh Johnston, “Ghadar Movement”, in: Brill's Encyclopedia of Sikhism Online, Edited by: Knut A. Jacobsen, Gurinder Mann Singh, Kristina Myrvold, Eleanor Nesbitt. Consulted online on 23 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20170712

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