A. Definition and ancient roots
With the universities, academies were one of the most important European institutions for the organization of knowledge and culture . At first, their members, who were scholars, writers and artists, founded academies on their own private initiative, setting out their own constitutions and programmes to regulate joint intellectual or aesthetic work. Later, public authorities and states also began to establish academies. Members of academies were (and still are) appointed by processes of co-option.
The original A. was the school of philo…
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Füssel, Marian (Göttingen),
Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism
, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014).
Consulted online on 25 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004792>
First published online: 2015