Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

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Astronomy
(3,038 words)

AstronomyA. Concept and ancient origins

A. is the determining of the location and path of the celestial bodies and the study of their physical characteristics. The term cosmology, meanwhile, denotes the study of the structure and order of the world. Antiquity produced an astonishing abundance of cosmological theories and systems [15]. The dominant one, which remained all but inviolate until the 15th cent., was the geocentric worldview, for which Aristotle in the 4th cent. BC provided the physical theory and Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemaeus) the c…

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Kirschner, Stefan (Hamburg), “Astronomy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014). Consulted online on 17 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004801>
First published online: 2015



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