Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

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Mathematical sciences
(2,201 words)

A. Concept and ancient origins

The M. are considered to be arithmetic, geometry and algebra, but not fields of applied mathematics like geodesy or cartography. In Antiquity, they comprised the quadrivium, i.e. arithmetic, geometry, astronomy and music theory. Arithmetic concerned the integers and their relationships,  but not practical calculation. At its heart was the divisibility of integers (prime numbers, perfect numbers) and the theory of proportion. The Greeks knew that there were magnitudes that lacked a common measure…

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Folkerts, Menso (München), “Mathematical sciences”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014). Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004909>
First published online: 2015



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