Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

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Medicine
(4,340 words)

A. Terminology

The innovative aspect of Humanist M. was the nature and intensity of its recourse to ancient models, especially the principes medicinae of Hippocrates (c. 460–370 BC) and Galen (2nd cent. AD). With their cyclical view of history, the Humanists anticipated no linear development of knowledge, but a 'rebirth', and in M. this was to come through the return to its 'golden age' in Classical Greece, where the supposed author of the Corpus Hippocraticum lived at around the same time as Plato [27.42]. The revelation of archetypical ancient knowledge promised univ…

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Maike, Rotzoll (Heidelberg), “Medicine”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014). Consulted online on 19 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004910>
First published online: 2015



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