Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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Abῡ Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad al-Bῑrῡnῑ al-Khwārazmī

Date of Birth: September 973

Place of Birth: Kāth, Khwārazm

Date of Death: 1048

Place of Death: Ghazna


In the history of science, al-Bīrūnī is nowadays regarded as the most prolific and original Muslim mind of the Middle Ages. A fervent admirer of the Greeks, whose heritage came down to him via the late Antique Alexandrian school, and of the …

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Strohmaier, Gotthard, “Al-Bīrūnī”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 18 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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