Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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(596 words)



Date: Unknown, probably between about 900 and 932

Original Language: Arabic


The work has not survived. Ibn ʿAsākir (Tabyīn, p. 128, McCarthy, Theology, pp. 211-12) describes its contents as follows: ‘A refutation of the atheists and those who are outside the religion of Islam, such as the philosophers, the naturalists, the materialists, the assimilators and those who teach about the eternity of des…

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Thomas, David, “ Al-fuṣūl”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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