Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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al-Kindī, ʿAbd al-Masīḥ ibn Isḥāq (pseudonym)
(681 words)

The Apology of al-Kindī

Date of Birth: Unknown, probably late 8th or beginning of 9th c.

Place of Birth: Unknown

Date of Death: Unknown, probably 9th c.

Place of Death: Unknown


Nothing is known about the life of the author. Even his name, cited for the first time in its entirety by al-Bīrūnī in his Kitāb al-āthār al-bāqiya together with the name of his interlocutor, ʿAbdallāh ibn Ismāʿīl al-Hāshimī, seems to be a pseudonym, i…

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Bottini, Laura, “al-Kindī, ʿAbd al-Masīḥ ibn Isḥāq (pseudonym)”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 07 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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