Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Al-madhamma fī istiʿmāl ahl al-dhimma
(1,435 words)

'Censure concerning the employment of dhimmīs'

Ibn al-Naqqāsh

Date: 1357-58

Original Language: Arabic


The Madhamma has the form of a fatwa, requested by a petitioner who wants to know whether it is lawful (yajūz) for non-Muslims to be employed by emirs in affairs of state such as tax collection. The negative answer that Ibn al-Naqqāsh gives is in fact not his own; most of the Madhamma corresponds verbatim to the section on state employment in the Aḥkām ahl al-dhimma of t…

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Yarbrough, Luke, “ Al-madhamma fī istiʿmāl ahl al-dhimma”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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