Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Al-Radd ʿalā l-thalāth firaq min al-Naṣārā, (longer version)
(480 words)

The refutation of the three Christian sects

Abū ʿĪsā Muḥammad ibn Hārūn ibn Muḥammad al-Warrāq

Date: Unknown, but probably mid-9th c.

Original Language: Arabic


The Radd is preserved in Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī’s Tabyīn ghalaṭ Muḥammad ibn Hārūn, where it is quoted extensively and probably exhaustively in the course of the Christian’s response to its arguments. It contains a descriptive introduction to Christian beliefs about the Trinity an…

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Thomas, David, “ Al-Radd ʿalā l-thalāth firaq min al-Naṣārā, (longer version)”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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