Shurūṭ ʿUmarʿAhd ʿUmar, ʿAqd ʿUmar
The Pact of ʿUmarThe Conditions of ʿUmar
Date: 8th to beginning of 9th c.
Original Language: Arabic
The Pact of ʿUmar is the name given to the canonical text that defines the status of non-Muslims under Muslim rule and the restrictions imposed upon them. The name does not refer to various other documents which attempt to do the same but have not been canonized such as, for example, the document adduced by al-Shāfiʿī (Kitāb …