Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Aʿlām al-nubuwwa
(1,690 words)

Signs of prophethood

Abū Ḥātim al-Rāzī

Date: Unknown; before 934

Original Language: Arabic


This work is a refutation of the philosopher-physician Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (labelled mulḥid, ‘heretic’, in the text) and his Kitāb makhāriq al-anbiyāʾ (‘The fraudulent tricks of the prophets’), which may well have been an attack on the validity of all the revealed religions, including Islam, as sources of knowledge and of individual and communal well-being (see Stroumsa, Freet…

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Nomoto and David Thomas, Shin, “ Aʿlām al-nubuwwa”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 15 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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