Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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Alexander III
(216 words)

Orlando Bandinelli

Date of Birth: Approximately 1100

Place of Birth: Siena

Date of Death: 30 August 1181

Place of Death: Cività Castellana


Orlando Bandinelli studied law at Bologna, where he then taught canon law (1139-42). He became canon in Pisa, then in 1150 cardinal deacon. He was a close advisor to Pope Hadrian IV (1154-59). At Hadrian’s death, a majority of cardinals elected Orlando as…

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Tolan, John, “Alexander III”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 14 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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