Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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Christians in early and classical Shīʿī law
(5,805 words)

            Most Western research into Islamic law governing Christians and other non-Muslims focuses on Sunnī sources. This is to be expected, as Sunnīs have always comprised the vast majority of Muslims. Shīʿī treatments of this subject, however, differ in some significant ways from those of their Sunnī counterparts and therefore merit attention in their own right. Studies that do address the status of non-Muslims in Shīʿī law focus primarily on modern sources, specifically those that have sha…

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Freidenreich, David M., “Christians in early and classical Shīʿī law”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 16 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2010

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