Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitāb al-ḥawādith wa-l-bidaʿ
(680 words)

Novelties and innovations


Date: After 1086, and probably after 1097

Original Language: Arabic


This treatise, which al-Ṭurṭūshī certainly composed after 1086, and most probably after he settled in Alexandria in 1097, is against religious innovations both in matters of doctrine and practice (see M. Fierro, ‘The treatises against innovations (kutub al-bidaʿ)’, Der Islam 69 (1992) 204-46). Many of these innovations can be shown to refer t…

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Fierro, Maribel, “ Kitāb al-ḥawādith wa-l-bidaʿ”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 15 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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