Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access

 Kitāb al-milal wa-l-niḥal
(1,243 words)

Religions and sects


Date: Unknown; before 1153

Original Language: Arabic


The Kitāb al-milal wa-l-niḥal is a comprehensive survey of the Muslim and non-Muslim religious and intellectual groupings known in al-Shahrastānī’s time. It is a definitive example of Muslim heresiography, setting the groups and sects’ teachings in hierarchical order to show how far they conform to the fundamental princip…

Cite this page
Thomas, David, “ Kitāb al-milal wa-l-niḥal”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 01 June 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

▲   Back to top   ▲