Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitāb al-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā
(532 words)

Refutation of the Christians

Abū Muḥammad al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm ibn Ismāʿīl ibn Ibrāhīm ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib al-Rassī

Date: Unknown, before 826

Original Language: Arabic


The Refutation upholds strict qur’ānic monotheism against Christian trinitarian doctrine on rational grounds. The attribution of a coequal Son and a coequal Holy Spirit to God is inconsistent with his unique divinity and eternal lo…

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Madelung, Wilferd, “ Kitāb al-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 19 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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