Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitāb al-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā
(357 words)

‘Refutation of the Christians’


Date: Unknown, but not long before 1270

Original Language: Arabic


The Radd is an abridged version of the Takhjīl written by al-Jaʿfarī himself towards the end of his life (ed. Ḥasanayn, p. 10). Al-Jaʿfarī explains that he wrote this work in response to the Franks (al-Faranj), who raised various questions that were ‘void of wisdom’ and sent these to the Muslims in order to test them (ed. Ḥasanayn, p. 56).

Unlike the Takhjīl, the Ra…

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Demiri, Lejla, “ Kitāb al-radd ʿalā l-Naṣārā”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 23 October 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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