Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitab al-tawḥīd
(749 words)

Divine Unity


Date: Unknown, before 944

Original Language: Arabic


The Kitāb al-tawḥīd is the earliest surviving Muslim work that can be regarded as a systematic theology, in that it brings together individual questions debated among theological specialists into a structured whole. It can be divided into five parts: epistemological introduction, the contingent nature of the world and existence of…

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Thomas, David, “ Kitab al-tawḥīd”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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