Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitāb al-Wāḍiḥ
(415 words)


The book of al-Wāḍiḥ / that which is clear, The confession

Būluṣ ibn Rajāʾ

Date: Possibly late 10th century

Original Language: Arabic


P. Sbath, who once prepared an edition of the work, describes it simply as a ‘refutation of Islam’ (Fihris i, p. 11, no. 44). Mīkḥāʾīl al-Damrāwī adds the detail that the author carried out this refutation ‘from their Book’ (that is, from the Qurʾan; Atiya et al., History, p. 110, lines 5-6).  According to Graf (GCAL ii, p. 319)…

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N. Swanson, Mark, “ Kitāb al-Wāḍiḥ”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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