Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Kitāb uṣūl al-dīn
(867 words)

The fundamentals of religion

Elias II, Ibn al-Muqlī

Date: Before 1132

Original Language: Arabic


The Kitāb uṣūl al-dīn, preserved in the Asfār al-asrār, consists of 22 chapters of apologetic character, and is indirectly addressed by the East Syrian author to Chalcedonians and West Syrians (‘Jacobites’), Jews and Muslims; the latter are explicitly mentioned in chs 11 and 15. Gianazza and Landron have convincingly argu…

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G.B. Teule, Herman, “ Kitāb uṣūl al-dīn”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 21 January 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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