Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Letter to Kaykāʾūs
(473 words)


Ibn ʿArabī

Date: Uncertain; in or just after 1212-13

Original Language: Arabic


In one of the rare places where Ibn ʿArabī directly discusses the Christian community, he appears to be unusually orthodox in his approach. In a letter of advice to the Seljuk Sultan Kaykāʾūs I (Keykavus, r. 1211-20), written in response to the sultan’s letter to him dated 1212-13, he exhorts the ruler to act justly towards his…

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Hirtenstein, Stephen, “ Letter to Kaykāʾūs”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 16 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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