Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Letter to Malik-Shāh
(177 words)

Letter to Malik-Shāh

Michael Psellus

Date: About 1074

Original Language: Greek


This letter was written by Psellus for the Byzantine Emperor Michael VII to the Seljuk Sultan Malik-Shāh (r. 1072-92). It praises the sultan, remarks on his tolerance towards his Christian subjects, and lists the proofs of the validity of Christianity. The text invites Malik-Shāh to convert to Christianity, but this may represe…

Cite this page
Lauritzen, Frederick, “ Letter to Malik-Shāh”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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