Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

Get access

 Letters 54, 55, 57
(685 words)


Manuel Gabalas

Date: Between 1339 and 1341

Original Language: Greek


In his letters, Manuel Gabalas describes in much detail the situation of his church under Turkish rule. In Letter 55, he reports that he travelled to Smyrna to meet Umur Beg, who received him only after some time. With a letter from the emir, he went to Ephesus, where a very small church and an insufficient piece of land was assigned to…

Cite this page
Pahlitzsch, Johannes, “ Letters 54, 55, 57”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

▲   Back to top   ▲