Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Maqāla ʿan al-tāthlīth
(287 words)

Treatise on the Trinity

Ibn Zurʿa

Date: 979

Original Language: Arabic


This brief treatise on the key Christian doctrine of the Trinity was composed by Ibn Zurʿa according to Yaḥyā ibn ʿAdī’s model of the three Persons as ‘intellect’-‘intelligent’-‘intelligible’, ʿaql-ʿāqil-maʿqūl.


The work attests to the continuing debates between Christians and Muslims in the 10th century, and to the need for Christians to find means of explaining th…

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Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro, “ Maqāla ʿan al-tāthlīth”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 18 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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