Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Maqāla fī maʿnā kalimatān kiyān wa-ilāh
(228 words)

Treatise on the meaning of the two terms kiyān and ilāh

Elias of Nisibis

Date: Before 1046

Original Language: Arabic


This tract focuses on two theological and linguistic items. The first is the triune and single nature of God in relation to the term kiyān, ‘being’ or ‘existence’, with an appendix on the meaning of the term jawhar. The second is the meaning of the term ilāh, which Elias argues has only one significance in Muslim usage, but for Jews and Christi…

Cite this page
Monferrer Sala, Juan Pedro, “ Maqāla fī maʿnā kalimatān kiyān wa-ilāh”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 27 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2010

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