Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500

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 Maqāla fī waḥdāniyyat al-Bāriʾ (taʿālā) wa-tathlīth aqānīmihi
(493 words)

'Treatise on the unity of the Creator (may He be exalted!) and the trinity of His hypostases'

Simʿān ibn Kalīl

Date: Unknown; possibly 1210-20

Original Language: Arabic


This brief treatise (8 pages in the published edition) presents a simple apologetic explanation of God’s triunity. God is necessarily existent, living, speaking (al-mawjūd al-ḥayy al-nāṭiq), which necessitates the affirmation of God’s existence, life, and speech (al-wujūd, al-ḥayāt, al-nuṭq);…

Cite this page
N. Swanson, Mark, “ Maqāla fī waḥdāniyyat al-Bāriʾ (taʿālā) wa-tathlīth aqānīmihi”, in: Christian-Muslim Relations 600 - 1500, General Editor David Thomas. Consulted online on 20 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2010

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